The Pantheon was built in ancient Rome as a temple to all the gods. It is the Roman monument that boast the highest number of records: it is the best preserved, its dome is the biggest in the history of architecture, and it is the most copied and imitated ancient building.
The name Pantheon comes from two Greek words: pan, meaning "every" and theon that stays for "god", as it was a small temple dedicated to all Roman gods. The Pantheon was built between 27 and 25 B.C. under Agrippa’s commission. Domitian rebuilt it in 80 A.D., after it had been destroyed in a huge fire. However, it was struck by a thunderbolt and burned again in 110 A.D. It was rebuilt in its current shape by Emperor Hadrian, so its structure is probably due to emperor’s exotic tastes. The Pantheon combines a cylindrical Roman structure and a beautiful colonnade inspired by Greek architecture.
It is located in a legendary place for the history of the city. In fact, according to a Roman legend this is the place where Romulus - Rome’s founder - was grasped by an eagle after he died and taken to the gods.
At the beginning of the 7th century, the Pantheon was converted into a Christian church, named the Church of St. Maryand the Martyrs.