Campo de’ Fiori is one of the most picturesque tourist attractions in the old part of Rome the best for your holidays in Rome in bed and breakfast!
Located between Corso Vittorio Emanuele II and Piazza Farnese, it was paved by Pope Callixtus III in 1456, as part of a wider project of improvement of the rione Parione.
The area was previously covered with flower fields (from which it took the name). A horse market started taking place in the street, which became a set route for important people, so that a lot of inns, hotels and shops were soon built in Campo de’ Fiori.
A statue situated in the middle of the square reminds us about a cruel event that took place there: the execution of the philosopher, writer an
d Dominican friar Giordano Bruno, who was sentenced to the stake after the Roman Inquisition found him guilty of heresy.
Even when questioned and tortured, Bruno refused to deny the foundations of his philosophy: the denial of divine creation, the conviction that the universe was infinite, and the support for the heliocentric theory.
On the 8th February 1600, after his sentence to death was pronounced, he stood up and said the following famous sentence to the judges: «Maiori forsan cum timore sententiam in me fertis quam ego accipiam» meaning «Perhaps you pronounce this sentence against me with greater fear than I receive it». After refusing the spiritual comfort and the crucifix, he was burnt at stake in Campo de’ Fiori on the 17th February. Since the 9th June 1889 a monument to Giordano Bruno by the freemason Ettore Ferrari stands on the exact spot of his death.
DID YOU KNOW...?
The fountain in Campo de’ Fiori is a copy of the original one, which was moved to the nearby Piazza della Chiesa Nuova. The fountain was originally used by the Romans to keep the market goods fresh, like fruits, vegetables and flowers. Pope Gregory XV decided to cover the fountain with the purpose of avoiding the decay of the square. The result was so aesthetically unpleasant that the Romans nicknamed the fountain "la terrina" (the soupbawl), as it looks like a soupbawl!