Basilica of St. John Lateran

The Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano (Basilica of St. John Lateran) is the oldest among the four Papal Basilicas of Rome.

Its full name is Archibasilica Sanctissimi Salvatoris et Sancti Iohannes Baptista et Evangelista in Laterano omnium urbis et orbis ecclesiarum mater et caput.
It dates back to the IV century, when it stood on the Horti Laterani area, which was confiscated and added to the imperial properties during Emperor Nero' reign. Constantine gave the Domus Faustae (as the Basilica was named at the time) to the Bishop of Rome, to thank Jesus Christ for the victory in the Battle of Ponte Milvio in 312 A.D.

According to the sources, the original early Christian church known as Basilica Aurea featured five aisles divided by rows of columns and boasted high magnificence, thanks to the several donations by popes and emperors.Charlemagne was baptised in the Basilica in 774 A.D. during Easter Mass.The Basilica of St. John Lateran changed over the years due to the many refurbishment works ordered by the popes and the contribution of a number of artists who increased the magnificence of the church.

San Salvatore alla Scala Santa is located near the Basilica, the building includes the Scala Sancta (Holy Stairs), wooden steps that encase white marble steps, which, according to Roman Catholic tradition, are the staircase leading once to the praetorium of Pilate in Jerusalem.
The steps were taken to Rome by Constantine as a gift for his mother Flavia Giulia Elena. San Giovanni is one of the stops of the procession of  Corpus Christi and boasts two famous relics: the heads of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, kept in the baldaquin in front of the papal altar, as well as a fragment of the table where, as a medieval legend says, Jesus Christ dined during the Last Supper.

Places of Interest

The best facilities - Basilica of St. John Lateran

Jazz Style
9,3
on 19 reviews
JAZZ STYLE BB Rome- Via Fidene, 19 JAZZ STYLE near the St. John Lateran Cathedral, it’s a structure that will make your stay an experience, of colors, harmonies, music and WELLNESS. All rooms offer ...
From35 €
Domus Appia
9,2
on 34 reviews
In the San.Giovanni district, almost on the corner of Piazza dei Re di Roma and 30 metres from Piazza Re di Roma underground stop .
From35 €
OnTime
The B&B is located in the heart of historic quarter of ‘San Giovanni’. Thanks to its strategic position you can easily enjoy the city on foot. All comfort FREE WIFI connection in all rooms and common ...
From40 €
Via Labicana B&B area Colsseo
9,5
on 49 reviews
LABICANA 42 BB Rome - Via Labicana 42 Nearby amazing scenary of the Imperial Rome and Colosseo a confortable and friendly B&B situated in the Monti district close to the most important underground ...
From35 €